Obesity and Bariatric Surgery
Unwanted weight gain has become a life threatening aspect in the recent past. Losing weight and making drastic changes in lifestyle has now become a necessity for those who tend to gain extra kilos by the pass of every day. Bariatric surgery is a common treatment procedure used to solve health related issues that are associated with excessive weight gain. Critical conditions of such disorders are treated by surgical procedures that involve altering the whole digestive system. Our weight loss surgical procedures are tailored to satisfy the requirements of individual patients.
Type of Bariatric Surgery?
Gastric Banding – Credited to be the safest weight loss surgery, gastric banding reduces weight using an adjustable silicone band. A surgeon used laparoscopy to insert the band around the upper part of the stomach. This causes the stomach to be able to hold only about an ounce of food. Adjustable gastric banding results in 40% weight loss post surgery. However, the results differ with the patient.
Vertical branded gastroplasty is another variant of gastric banding. In this technique, the part of the stomach above the silicone band is stapled to form a smaller pouch.
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy – In this bariatric procedure, about eighty five percent of the stomach is surgically removed to reshape the stomach into a sleeve-like structure. The gastrointestinal tract otherwise remains intact. This procedure removes hunger by reducing the secretion of hunger stimulating hormones. It is a safe procedure since there is no chance of developing ulcers or any vitamin or mineral deficiency.
Gastric bypass surgery – This is one of the most popular bariatric techniques. It entails dividing the stomach into a small (upper) pouch and a larger pouch below. The lower part does not receive any food but continues to secrete the digestive juices. The small intestine is re-routed and joined to the small pouch which receives food. Since the food now bypasses a section of the small intestine, fewer calories are now absorbed.
Biliopancreatic diversions – This class of procedures induce weight loss by altering the digestive system. They cause the food to bypass a section of the small intestine. This gives the body lesser time to absorb fats and calories resulting in weight loss.
Duodenal switch surgery – This procedure is a type of biliopancreatic diversion comprising of a malabsorptive and restrictive component. Almost 70% of the stomach is removed. The small intestine is divided into two paths connected by a channel. One section, the digestive loop, carries food and the other, the biliopancreatic loop, carries bile.